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Student Guide to Canada

Student Guide to Canada

All you need to know before studying in Canada – the education system, the visa regime and the process of Indians living in Canada, after studying the options and much more.

1. About the country

Canada is the largest country in North America and consists of 10 provinces and 3 territories. It is located in the northern part of the continent, Canada’s capital, Ottawa. It is the second largest country of the world-wise area. It is a popular destination for professional courses and graduate.

Training System

School systems in Canada vary considerably, depending on the province or territory. Education is available in English and French in most places, provided a sufficient number of students in the area who speak a second language. High School, as a rule, so that the new classes to 12 years in Quebec, high school ends at eleven classes, and is accompanied by a program that prepares students for college or technical field called CEGEP .

In addition, students may attend a vocational school or go to college. In college, they first obtain a bachelor’s degree, and can continue their studies for a master’s degree or doctorate. vocational training students will receive diplomas and certificates, which will enhance their skills in various sectors of the economy.

Top Destinations students:

Universities such as McGill University, the University of British Columbia, University of Alberta and Simon Fraser University are a popular choice if you want to pursue full-time degree. Most of the best colleges in the country are located in cities like Toronto, BC, Montreal. Number of Canadian students visas issued to Indian students jumped to more than 12,000 in 2010-3152 in 2008.

Canada is a great place for vocational training rather than the curriculum, the former seems to offer more employment opportunities. Canada is a good choice for immigration that the country offers huge opportunities for business because of its low population density.

The most popular courses of higher education in Canada will graduate degrees in areas such as business management, media, engineering, information technology and hospitality.

Security in Canada:

Canada is one of the safest countries, with one of the highest living standards in the world. Canada is a free country where people are, by and large, to judge their actions and character, rather than their appearance or country.

Time

Canada weather varies greatly depending on where you are. Canada stretches from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean, covering five time zones.

Montreal Weather – The weather here is cold and snowy winter. Chill in Montreal can be particularly biting because of the wind chill factor. The snowfall usually begins in November and lasts until the end of March. During the winter months, daily temperatures of -6 ° C to -15 ° C in summer, the temperature range of 15 ° C to 25 ° C

Toronto Weather – Winter Weather is milder than in most Canadian cities, but always cold and snowy. In summer, the temperature range of 15 ° C to 25 ° C. During the winter months, daily temperatures from -10 ° C to 12 ° C

Vancouver Weather – remains wet but mild throughout the year. Summer in Vancouver pleasantly warm, with average temperatures of 22 ° C. Winters are wet but snow is rare. The average temperature during the winter day varies from 3 ° C to 7 ° C

The image of life tips

Canadians are known to be open and proud of their multicultural and diverse population. As in any other country, Canadians have certain expectations of behavior. Here are a few tips:

• Be on time for business and social events
• Respect for conversation and behavior
• Canadians believe in equality between men and women, so show respect for the opposite sex
• Do not make jokes or comments that are offensive to race, religion, gender, disability, sexual orientation or physical appearance of people
• Avoid personal questions about such things as age, salary, marital status, relationship, and the value of items for personal use as long as familiar with the people

Language problems: life in a society where you have to use English or French, sometimes on a daily basis can be a challenge at first. Some language problems you may encounter the original, when you arrive, are:

• You can not immediately understand the local accent. Regional accents are very different in Canada. Take time to get used to the local accent.
• Canadians may not realize you both. You will also have your own accent. Speak slowly and do not hesitate to ask others to speak slowly, if you feel it is difficult to understand.
• Canadians use a lot of slang in his speech, and it may take some time to understand it all.
• Humor is an integral part of Canadian English. This should be interpreted as a sign of friendship, not a lack of respect.
• Canadians use many cuts in his speech (eg, assistant professor or TA Political Science Political Science). If you do not understand something, just ask the meaning of this.

Participation: It is necessary to take part in all activities during your training. You may be asked to participate in class discussions, group work, or other activities. It is very important to participate outside the classroom as well. This will give you plenty of opportunities to practice their English language skills in a variety of settings.

To Friend: Try not to be shy. Remember that making friends is important for all in his first year at university. Say “please” and “thank you” are the major Canadian Customs, and your relationship will improve, if you express your gratitude and appreciation to those around you.

Indians living in Canada

Most Indians prefer to live in large urban centers like Toronto and Vancouver, where more than 70% of the population live in India. Smaller communities are also increasingly in Calgary, Edmonton and Montreal. Indians in Vancouver from different regions of India. Place called Little India is in Vancouver and part of Gerrard Street (Toronto) in Toronto as well. Indians in Vancouver mainly live in the suburb of Surrey, or nearby Abbotsford, as well as in other parts of Vancouver.

2. Student life

Accommodation

First, you must decide if you want to live in university housing or managed a private owner. Selecting the university managed accommodation can also give you an option catering or self-catering. Catered offers the benefits of your meals prepared for you and the certainty of food costs.

If you have an idea of what you prefer, the placement office of your university will be able to tell you that the accommodation they have – so it’s a place to start. If you plan to rent from a private owner or if the chosen university can not offer you anything in their own office in the residential installation housing should be able to provide a list of private property and owners of the region.
Wherever you decide to live, you must make sure you know their contractual rights and obligations. In most cases, you will be asked to sign a lease, you should read carefully before signing.

Orientation

Orientation week is mandatory for international students, so you want to be sure and arrive early. This is the time when you enter the university and its services, as well as enroll in your classes. It is important that you read your guide, which is available at the college. The guide explains each part of the admissions process.

Activities

With sports, colleges offer extracurricular activities that provide students with a wide range of experience. Music, theater, science and literary societies in colleges offer public education opportunities, and other leisure activities. Go to the theater and concerts, as well as in areas related to training courses, such as art galleries and museums, religious centers and historical sites, research the company and the projects are part of the life of middle School.

3. Admission process

Requirements

They vary between programs and research levels. For each course, Indian students will be required to meet the minimum requirements of the English language. In addition to these minimum academic record 65% and above for the Humanities stream in class XII, and from 70 to 80% and above would also require science stream / Commerce in class XII. The funds and degree programs are available for students who provided less than 60%. The student must have completed 18 years before joining the curriculum.
It is important to note that these figures are indicative, the actual figures may differ from university to university.

Documents

• The following documents must be provided –
• Certified copies of the mark sheets of standard X, XII, and a BA (if applicable)
• At least two academic letters of recommendation from teachers who taught you lately
• If you have experience, two letters of reference from your employer / manager who knows you well and can comment on your professional skills
• Statement of Intent (SOP)
• proceed
• reports photocopied score GMAT / IELTS / TOEFL
• Portfolio (in the case of students applying to art and design courses and programs in architecture)
• Other (certificates / achievements at the state and national levels, and extra-curricular activities)
• Proof of funds
• Medical tests

Calendar

Most Canadian colleges accept online applications. You will need to visit the website of each college to apply. In most cases, you will create an account on the college website to provide basic information, submit the digital version of your documents, and pay the registration fee. You will be informed about the application process and steps to that account.

Please check the website of your choice of colleges to know the application process as it may vary from institution to institution.

Registration fee: All colleges require that you pay a registration fee when applying. The amount of compensation varies depending on the college and of course apply, so check with individual colleges on their entry fee.

Steps: The common steps for the application are as follows –

• Search for colleges and courses
• Contact the school websites and visit for information
• Refine your list of schools
• Take the entrance exams like SAT, GMAT, GRE, TOEFL, IELTS
• Write SOPs and ask when
• Apply to colleges that match your interests
• There are video interviews for college you list
• If adopted, apply for a student visa

Sop: Statement of purpose (SOP) is your introduction to the college admission and officials. It is always written in first person and describes the reason for the application to a particular college. It is necessary to focus on why you are perfect for the college and the college why you should take. The writing style is different from the casual, but it is important to remember that it should reflect your personality.

Test: The test shall be presented to the participant. The test is an important part of the admission process at the university. Students may be required to write one or two trials, with some additional tests too. Common topics include career aspirations, strengths and weaknesses, skills, experience and the reasons for a particular school.

LOR: Letter of recommendation (LOR) is a reference to a letter written by a third party, describing the qualities, characteristics and abilities of future students to recommend it to the university in terms of the ability of that person to perform a task or a specific function. A third party may be a teacher, supervisor, etc.

Input seasons

The session begins mostly in September and January, but some institutions have intakes in May, July and October, as well. major admission rates for the best season in Canada in September, while the minor consumption season in January, which is designed for a relatively small number of courses.
You must start the receiving process in approximately six months before the registration deadline.

Typically, most universities have three dates, from October to January. It is for the convenience of students that the deadline to apply. You have to do with language and aptitude tests for the three months prior to expiration. The last three months should focus on the application form correctly.
It is imperative to ensure that the “full application process”, in collaboration with the advent of interview procedures and visa application should be completed in June or July for admission in September.

The main reception of the season for the best colleges and courses that fall from September season. It depends of course you want to continue, because many courses have intakes in January.
If you are looking to get admission in professional courses, courses may have admissions open in January and maybe in May or July.

4. Exams

Language exams

International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and the Pearson Test of English (PTE) all standard language tests which are necessary in order to qualify for admission at University. They follow different formats, structure, and bands of the result. These tests are all different in different ways, but many institutions have asked any results. So the student to decide what should appear in the examination.

Repeat examinations: IELTS can be taken an unlimited number of times. TOEFL can be repeated as many times as necessary, but can not be done more than once during the period of 12 days. This also applies to the PTE; it can be taken as many times as you want. You must wait for your results before you book your next test.

Fees: Rs 9300 for these exams IELTS, TOEFL to Rs 10,000 and Rs 9350 for PTE.

Application time: Ideally, if you aim to enter in September, you have to appear for exams in November, so that you can apply to the first term. Universities will you use to talk about what kind of results they will take the exam. But if given the choice to go to one of them, the choice is yours. The time required to prepare for the IELTS / TOEFL / PTE depend on the existing English language. You may need 2-4 months of preparation before the exam date.

General Examinations

GMAT – Management Aptitude Test graduate used to measure the ability of a potential MBA aspirant to keep higher education in business or management. It measures the math, English language skills and the student’s reasoning.

GRE – The Graduate Record Examination is another test to take students applying for graduate schools to pursue MA or MS. Increasingly, many business schools also accept GRE scores for admission in order to provide for the MBA.

LAST – The Law School Admission Test is a standardized test and is part of the entry process in law school. This provides a measure of reading and verbal reasoning skills that law schools can use when evaluating candidates.

SAT – measures of literacy and writing skills or Scholastic Assessment Test, necessary for academic success in college. This test assesses how well the test takers analyze and solve problems – skills they have learned in school that they will need in college. SAT is typically taken by high school students to enter the undergraduate courses.

The university you apply to mention some test results are applicable in your choice. But if given the choice to go to one of them, the choice is yours.

Repetition and payment: You can give an unlimited number of GMAT subject to five times a year, and a 30-day interval between the two tests. You can take these tests with an interval of 30 days from the first time. Cost Rs 16,000 GMAT, GRE and LSAT Rs 12,000 Rs 3,800.

Ideally, if you aim to enter in September, you have to appear for exams in November, so that you can apply to the first term. the preparation period is generally 4 to 6 months.

The average results: average GMAT score is accepted by the average verbal 540. Universities GRE is 151, 146 for the quantitative and 3.5 for writing. Average it takes 162 universities.

It is important to note that these figures are indicative, actual results could differ from university to university.

5. Cost of living

The cost of living is largely dependent on the part of Canada where you live, how much you need to communicate. Some of life’s basic elements as a foreign student in Canada:

• Rental housing (on campus or off campus)
• Food and food processing
• Utilities such as electricity, water, gas, internet
• Phone bills
• Text and reference
• The cost of tickets for a trip to India
• Other items that may vary from person to person would be:
• Supper
• Travel and Vacations
• Rent a car and car insurance
• Connecting Cable TV

School Fees

Tuition varies by different universities, courses and the city. Expenditure on education in Canada can be up to CDN $ 10,000 – $ 30,000 a year as a postgraduate. And if you are considering applying to graduate in the service area studies, costs $ 15,000 – about $ 55,000 per year.

Living expenses

On average, a student spends about CDN $ 10,000 $ 12,000 per year. But costs also depend on where the student is. If a student is in a metropolitan city like Toronto or Vancouver, the cost can reach up to CDN $ 15,000 compared to a student in the suburbs, which will cost about C $ 8,000- $ 10,000 each year.

Medical Insurance

The insurance policy for foreign students is compulsory, students must remain abroad for a long period of time. Before an insurance policy, make sure it covers medical expenses, personal accident, dental care, interruption of the study, loss of passport, etc. Insurance is essentially a non-cash so that the student does not pay the money at the time of hospitalization.

Scholarships

Merit and fees based on the needs exemptions are granted to foreign students. Candidates with strong academics, good performance in standardized tests and extracurricular achievements will be eligible for scholarships and financial aid. To take advantage of these opportunities, you must make sure to send all the necessary documents are limited in time. In addition, the presentation of the application is also important because it is judged by the image of the project.

Required documents: The documents are usually required to apply the scholarship are as follows, although requirements may vary:

• academic records and photocopies
• A recent CV
• letter of intent, which acts as a cover page
• certificate of proficiency (TOEFL or IELTS)
• Letters of recommendation (LOR)
• loans

Student eligibility criteria: The first thing that should be known if you qualify for a loan or not. General criteria after all banks are:

• You must be a citizen of India
• You must have a strong academic performance
• You should apply for admission to the vocational, technical or otherwise. Most of the banks argue that the course chosen should focus on employment.
• You must be secured admission to foreign educational institutions ,.
• You must be aged over 18, or your parents can avail the loan.
• Read and download our Guide to Student Loans, to better understand the details.
• safe Eligibility: You can not get a credit for each course. This kind of exchange, which can apply for education loan:
• Graduation: oriented professional or technical course work offered by the well-known universities
• For after graduation: MCA, MBA, MS or even diplomas
• These courses can be foreign universities or institutions approved by the state and the central government.

Loan amount: If your total amount is Rs 10 lakh, the bank may offer to give credit in the amount of 80% of the amount, and you have to put in the remaining 20%. It is the sum of the margin. The maximum amount of loan offered by banks to study abroad, generally about 20 crore rupees.

If the tuition fees of Rs 30 lakh, you will manage the rest of the funds themselves. Some banks charge for treatment, while others do not. it can be a fixed amount or a percentage of the total loan amount. So if the bank charges 1% processing fee, which will be at an additional cost, you need to cover.

Documents required: You must provide an acceptance letter from the university, reflecting the fact that you were chosen for the course and schedule of payments. You will also need to show a sign of the last sheet of the qualifying examination to show their performance.

All banks have different requirements for documentation, you must confirm with the bank first.

Repayment: The repayment starts only after the period of the course. If a student got a job in the year following the end of the course, repayment must begin immediately after the expiry of one month from the date of employment.

If you do not provide a job for one year after completion of the course, repayment begins regardless of whether or not you work. The loan generally must be repaid in 5-7 years after the onset of maturity. If a student is unable to complete the course at the time agreed, the extension of the deadline for completion of the course may be authorized for a period of two years. Generally, you will receive up to a maximum of 10 years to repay the loan.

6. Visa

Conditions
You must apply for a student visa after receiving the college acceptance letter. You should start with the visa process in about June, if the purpose of reception of September. The list of documents required for the application.

Proof of acceptance: If you plan to attend a school (primary or secondary), college, university or other educational institution in Canada, the school must fill out and send you a letter of acceptance. You must include the original letter of your request for a study permit.

Proof of financial support: You must prove that you can yourself and your family members who accompany you while you are in Canada support.

NOTE: Additional documentation may be required.

During a personal interview additional documents may be requested by the investigator. They can be documents confirming evidence of academic or financial condition. These can include:

• Transcripts, diplomas or certificates from the school you attended
• The results of the tests, such as TOEFL, SAT, GRE, GMAT or
• Your intention to leave Canada at the end of the course of study
• How will you pay all education, housing costs and transport

There are several steps to apply for a visa.

Check the time of treatment: The cycle to obtain a Visa can take 3-4 weeks. It is advisable to go through the Canadian Consulate website to know the approximate time it takes to process a student visa. Please note that the time is not a guarantee, and it is just an estimate.

Determine how you will apply. There are two ways to apply:

1. Apply online

To apply online, you must have access to a scanner or camera to create electronic copies of documents to download and have a valid credit card for payment. You are still required to provide finger regional analyzes Visa Application Centre (VAC).

2. Apply in person

Download the application folder and read the manual. provided instructions contain important information on study permits and instructions to help you complete an application. Read the instructions carefully and use a checklist of documents.

Pay the processing fee: Please refer to the fee schedule for fees to apply for a study permit and how to pay. Processing fees are not refundable in all cases. For biometrics will be more than 130 in over 90 countries of the CVC and CVC all will be equipped for the collection of biometric data (fingerprints and photograph). Indian students should contact your local VFS office to apply for a visa.

If your spouse / partner and / or common law children accompany you and you make a visa, work permit or temporary resident permit to study for them, then you will pay the appropriate processing fees for them.

Submit application and supporting documents – so you have to give their biometric data, you can not send mail in your application. You must either apply online or in person at VFS office. In all cases, you’ll need to go to the ACC, to give your biometrics.

Medical Exam
The process of obtaining a visa for Canada requires a compulsory medical examination for Indian candidates. Your doctor can not perform a physical exam. You should consult a physician on the list of the College of Physicians, which is available on the official website of Canada’s immigration http://www.cic.gc.ca/~~pobj. After your review has been completed, the doctor sends the results to CIC. You can choose to get the test done before or after a visa.

Work permit
• The eligibility criteria for obtaining a permit Workstations study as follows:
• You should have pursued the full course in Canada.
• The length of the course must be more than 8 months.
• You must have graduated from post-secondary institutions or establishment of public or private post-secondary education or
• You must apply for a work permit for three months (90 days) after receiving an official letter that you have successfully completed their studies at the institute.
• You will receive a work permit if the student visa.
• You can not get permission to work longer than the duration of your course. If the duration of the course of eight months, you will receive permission to work for eight months. If the duration of the course was more than two years, you can get a work permit for three years.

Visa for wife
Spouses may be accompanied by full-time students on dependent visas. You only need to show that sufficient funds for their support. Spouses can also work full-time if his / her stay for a year or more.

7. Checklist before departure
Pre-departure list

• flight Reservations
• Travel and purchase of medical insurance
• Organize accommodation in Canada
• To arrange a shuttle service to / from the airport at home in Canada
• Organize your banking business – to consider buying travelers checks
• Analysis baggage and customs restrictions
• Delete all records from your school house

Get your documents in order and make photocopies for storing your luggage and keep at home, including:

• foreign passport
• flights
• Travel insurance certificate
• letter of acceptance from the educational institution;
• Key addresses and telephone numbers
• bank statement showing proof of funds
• The requirements for any medication you are
• checks, if any traveler
• Medical and vaccination records
• history and academic transcripts

8. Once you land
Homesickness

Tosca is a foreseeable problem facing the majority of students at a given point. This may occur at the beginning or even well into your years. Tosca takes place. Be patient. Give it at least two weeks. If you feel sad, talk and share their feelings with friends. Do not hide in his room; if you do, it will only get worse nostalgia. Find a consultant on staff, with whom you can talk about nostalgia or other problems.

Tosca could be worse, often long house calls. Most students feel worse Homesick country after call home before they picked up the phone. Try to limit yourself to a single call home each week. The sooner you incorporate in the university experience, the faster your nostalgia card.

Your first weeks in Canada

The first weeks of the first semester is a busy time for each new international (and Canadian) student, during which each student on campus and classes, making new friends. You should take the time to learn your university:

• Explore the campus to learn where you need to go during the recording of your program, take courses, get food and to visit friends.
• Join the International Students Club.
• Find out what training resources and workshops are available for foreign students.
• Get a Student ID: this will be your passport on campus. (If applicable)
• Enjoy the services offered to students: use the fitness center at the recreation center, find the student bookstore and browse the library.

Learn basic cooking

Cooking for yourself will help you save money. Indian food is expensive in Canada. Doing it yourself will satisfy your desire to eat “food” in times of “nostalgia”. Indian spices are not usually available in small towns, but you can find shops on campus where you can get the ingredients used in most Indian dishes.

9. Post study options
Post-Graduation Work Permit Program (PGWPP)

PGWPP allows graduate students who have studied at a university / college Canadian participant to gain work experience in Canada. The experience gained during PGWP ultimately help students to apply for permanent residence in Canada through the Canadian experience class (CEC).

Duration – The work permit after the end can not be valid for longer than the student’s course of study. For example, if your post-graduate course was two years, the work permit is granted for you will also be two years.
The program should be at least eight months in length.

Application of post-graduation work permit
• You must apply for a work permit within 90 days of receipt of the written confirmation of your university / college you have completed and submitted to your training program.
• Get a suite of applications, and fill the necessary forms to complete.
• You must pay a license fee door open to work and pay the standard authorization to work in Canadian dollars, either online or manually.
• The complete application will include a postal address to which you want to send a request.

Placements

Indian students used to the implementation of the concept of campus and on campus recruiting for jobs. There is no concept of Canadian programming. Most Canadian universities have a cell called the career services center that will help you get a job and help you prepare for the interview. Recruitment on campus is always determined by the interests of students. Recruiting Companies by the University does not offer a job directly. The fact that they offer an internship or co-op. Companies would like to see his work for several months before you hire full time.

cooperative training program

The joint program, the dual training period with work. Co-op Student Program is formally program in which the goal is to recruit students structured, while still at school, to fill permanent jobs after graduation. Co-op programs are generally held in colleges and universities. Indian students wishing to participate in the co-op or internship program must apply for a work permit, as well as a study permit.

Selection criteria: To be eligible for a work permit, you must meet the following conditions:
• You must have a valid student visa
• Your job is to associate with your program of study in Canada
• Your job is to be part of your program of study, certified by a letter from a responsible official of the institution.

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